What is the Average Life Expectancy in Canada?

What is the Average Life Expectancy in Canada?

Although death might be a morbid subject, it doesn’t stop many people from thinking about life expectancy in Canada. After all, with all the death and mayhem happening worldwide, many Canadians can’t help but wonder how long they have to live.

Life expectancy in Canada is the period in which Canadians are expected to live. The average life expectancy in Canada is 75 years. Numerous factors, including socio-economic status, access to healthcare, occupation, way of life, and the environment, affect this statistic.

Hence, Canadians can improve their life expectancy to be above average by eating healthier, exercising regularly, and getting regular checkups.

Read on to learn about the life expectancy of Canadian males and females. Discover how much Canada’s life expectancy compares to those of other countries and other important information.

What does life expectancy mean?

This sensitive subject denotes how long an individual is expected to live. It calculates how long an individual is expected to stay alive in an area or a country.

Although death is not something everyone wants to consider, certain occurrences might bring it to mind. This could be the death of a loved one, a narrow brush with death, or hearing about awful deaths on the news.

Either way, thinking about life expectancy in Canada is something that happens to every Canadian at some point.

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Factors that affect life expectancy

There are many things today that can affect how long people in a region are expected to live, and they are:

Socio-economic status

Rich people get access to better healthcare and health supplements because they can afford them. This means they live longer than those who can’t afford these things. Rich people live longer as they don’t overwork themselves like the working class.


People who are sickness-free are expected to live longer than those who are sick. After all, a person who has been diagnosed with a terminal disease wouldn’t be expected to live long.


A person’s genetic makeup has a hand in determining the strength of their immune system. It also dictates the likelihood of an individual contracting life-threatening diseases, which can shorten life spans.

The environment

People in big cities and developing areas are exposed to harmful toxins in the air compared to those living in the countryside.

Due to environmental side effects, it might be more difficult for locals to live in some areas (like desert regions). Those living in those areas might not live long with all these environmental factors in play.


It might come as a surprise, but many people do not understand the importance of good healthcare. Many people self-medicate because they believe they can cure themselves without professional input.

The result is that most of them end up dying because they don’t understand how helpful healthcare is.

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It has been observed that educated Canadians are more likely to live longer than those who are not. Knowledgeable individuals seek high-quality healthcare when they can and understand the importance of a healthy lifestyle.

On the other hand, uneducated individuals are unaware of many factors that may be shortening their lifestyle.


Do you know why jobs like skyscraper window cleaners, soldiers, pilots, undercover reporters, and bomb experts pay very well? This is because the life expectancy for these jobs is low, as the workers in these occupations are regularly put in harm’s way.

So, it’s rare for people in these occupations to live long without developing some health complications down the line.

Geographic location

The location of an individual also plays a role in how long they can stay alive. That’s because some areas are likely to be more disease-prone than others, while others might have better healthcare.


A healthy lifestyle will see you live longer than those who engage in unhealthy lifestyles. People who always drink until they pass out, smoke regularly, or eat cholesterol-filled foods all the time hardly live long.

This is because these unhealthy lifestyles damage the body and the organs, shortening the individual’s lifestyle.

What is the average life expectancy in Canada?

The average life expectancy in Canada is 75 years of age. However, this reduces to 69.7 years of age when health factors are considered.

These values come from the calculation of the life expectancy of the various provinces in Canada. It also includes the life span of both males and females.

Life expectancy in Canada male vs female

In Canada, the life expectancy for men is 79 years of age, while that of women is 82 years of age. This means that women tend to live longer than men for many reasons. Below is a representation of life expectancy in Canada by gender from 2011 to 2021.

201179.39 years83.68 years
201279.61 years83.82 years
201379.74 years83.85 years
201479.76 years83.91 years
201579.84 years83.89 years
201679.92 years84.03 years
201779.75 years84.02 years
201879.80 years83.99 years
201980.18 years84.38 years
202079.49 years83.96 years
202180.62 years84.67 years

Average life expectancy in Canadian provinces

The life expectancy in Canada for the different provinces isn’t the same. Due to the effects of the environment and other factors, people in the native territories of Canada do not live long.

While their life expectancy is higher than the worldwide average, it’s lower than that of those who live in other areas of Canada.

Based on data from Statistics Canada, the life expectancy in Canadian provinces is represented in the table below:

Canadian ProvinceAverage Life Expectancy for MenAverage Life Expectancy for WomenAverage Life Expectancy Overall
Alberta79 years84 years81 years
British Columba85 years80 years82 years
Manitoba79 years84 years80 years
New Brunswick79 years83 years81 years
Newfoundland and Labrador78 years82 years80 years
Northwest Territories75 years79 years77 years
Nova Scotia78 years83 years80 years
Nunavut68 years73 years71 years
Ontario80 years84 years82 years
Prince Edward Island80 years84 years82 years
Quebec81 years84 years83 years
Saskatchewan78 years83 years80 years
Yukon76 years81 years79 years

Canadian provinces with the highest life expectancy

Based on the above, the Canadian province of Quebec seems to have the highest life expectancy. The life expectancy there is 83 years, as men live for 81 years and women for 84 years. It’s also in this province that men seem to live the longest in Canada.

After Quebec, British Columbia and Ontario come in a close second and third, respectively. However, British Columbia holds great prestige on this list, as Victoria and Richmond (British Columbian cities) have great life expectancies.

The life expectancy of Canadians in this city went as high as 83.4 years at one point, higher than the national average. You’ll also notice that the life span of men in this province is the highest in Canada, at 85 years.

Canadian provinces with the lowest life expectancy

In Canada, no single city has the lowest life expectancy. However, the native territories have been identified as having a lower life expectancy than other areas in Canada.

This results from many factors, including socio-economic issues and the inability to access quality healthcare. With these factors in place, people tend to die young, reducing the life expectancy in the area.

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Average life expectancy in countries worldwide

Life expectancy worldwide differs due to the influence of various factors like education, good healthcare, and lifestyle. As such, some countries have a high life expectancy while others have low life spans.

According to a study from the United Nations, the average life expectancy in the world today is 73.4 years. According to this data, Canada, with its 75-year value, has a higher-than-average life expectancy. If you’re interested in knowing the lifespan in other countries, you can check out the table below.

CountryAverage Life Expectancy for MenAverage Life Expectancy for WomenAverage Life Expectancy Overall
United States75 years80 years77 years
China75 years81 years78 years
Mexico66 years74 years70 years
India69 years72 years70 years
Australia81 years85 years83 years
Japan82 years88 years85 years
France79 years85 years82 years
Thailand75 years84 years79 years
United Kingdom79 years83 years81 years
Kenya60 years65 years63 years
Jamaica70 years74 years72 years
Pakistan64 years69 years66 years
Switzerland81 years85 years83 years
Nigeria52 years53 years53 years

How to increase your life expectancy

Although the life expectancy in Canada may be 75, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t people who live longer than that. If you want to be among the Canadians who live well into their 80s and 90s, you can follow the guide below:

Reduce your stress levels

There is no denying that earning a living today might be more complicated than it was years ago. As such, there is a spike in stress levels and stress-related diseases among both the young and the old.

Stress influences the release of the hormone cortisol, which raises your heart rate. This hormone can also lead to an increase in the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and depression. So, managing your stress levels and avoiding troublesome activities is essential if you want to live a long time.

Spend some time in the sun

A good dose of vitamin D is helpful for bone remodelling, bone growth, and converting blood glucose to energy. You can get your daily dose of vitamin D from staying in the sun for at least 15 minutes in the early morning hours.

If you don’t have time, include vitamin D-rich foods like sardines, orange juice, egg yolks, and plant milk in your diet.

Eating healthy

Low-calorie diets have been shown to allow people to live longer, healthier lives, especially with the current obesity epidemic. This is because these foods reduce the risk of chronic diseases and lead to lower blood pressure.

You can also improve your life expectancy by eating and avoiding processed foods and junk. Healthier food choices are natural, organic, and rich in nutrients.

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Regular health checkups

Good health is one guaranteed path towards living longer. This means that if you can prevent yourself from getting sick and treat it immediately, you’ll live longer.

However, not all illnesses show symptoms at the onset. Some diseases, like hypertension, glaucoma, and colorectal cancer, do not show their symptoms until it’s too late.

So, visiting your doctor regularly, at least once a year, is essential for a complete medical screening. This will allow the medical expert to check your bodily functions to diagnose any illnesses hidden in your body.

Exercise daily

Consistent exercise has been linked to an increase in life expectancy. This is because exercise reduces the risk of cancer, arterial hypertension, and coronary heart disease. With these killer diseases out of the way, the probability of living a long life is high.

Is the average age of death and life expectancy the same thing?

No, the average age of death and life expectancy are not the same thing. However, they are related as they are both statistical measures of life and death in an area.

The average age of death is a measure of the age at which most people in an area die. On the other hand, life expectancy measures the chances of people dying at different ages.

So, the average age of death shows how many people are dying and the specific age at which most people die. The life expectancy shows how long people in an area are expected to live. You can also say that life expectancy confirms the statistics from the average age of death and vice versa.

Does wealth affect life expectancy?

This is a popular question that many people ask when it comes to natural life spans, and the answer is yes. Wealth dramatically affects the life expectancy of people living in an area.

This is why people in wealthy countries like Australia and Japan live longer than those in poor African countries.

Wealth is directly related to socio-economic status, so wealthy people can afford better healthcare. They can eat healthier, avoid working at high-risk jobs, and take better care of themselves. A wealthy person also has the choice of living in a good environment, away from disease-prone areas.

With all these advantages on their side, it’s no surprise that wealthy people live longer. After all, poor individuals cannot afford to eat healthily – Just getting enough food to sustain themselves is a struggle.

They won’t be able to afford better healthcare, healthier living, or a home in a disease-free area.

Can life expectancy affect life insurance packages?

Yes, life expectancy has a strong effect on the cost of the life insurance package a Canadian can get. Life insurance companies will charge heavily when you’re a soldier, a stuntman, or someone who works a life-threatening job.

This is because these are occupations where death is just around the corner.

Another factor that these insurance providers will consider is the individual’s financial status. Poor people who owe others or those with bad credit scores won’t be able to afford good life insurance.

The occupation and financial status used as examples above are factors related to life expectancy. This means a Canadian with a high life expectancy will find it much easier to qualify for life insurance. Since such individuals are less likely to die young, the insurance providers won’t see it as a bad trade.

Final thoughts

The life expectancy in Canada is 75 years old. This value is a combination of the life expectancies of both men and women in the different provinces of Canada. Among the Canadian provinces, it’s been shown that the native provinces possess lower life expectancies than the modern ones.

Although women have been known to live longer than men, there are still ways to increase your life expectancy in Canada. This includes eating healthy, exercising regularly, getting yearly health checkups, and avoiding stress.

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FAQs about life expectancy in Canada

What is the average life expectancy in the world?

The average life expectancy in the world is 73.4 years. This means that countries with lower life span averages are those where people die young. With this calculation, you’ll see that Canada, with a life expectancy of 75, is one of the countries where people live longer.

Has Canada’s life expectancy changed?

Yes, the life expectancy in Canada has changed. This statistic initially increased as technology improved and healthcare got better. However, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 reduced life expectancy once more. Nonetheless, this statistic has increased once more as the world recovers from the pandemic.

What diseases have reduced Canadian life expectancy the most?

The diseases that reduced the Canadian life expectancy the most include cancer and heart disease. A recent study also shows that one in every two Canadians will be a cancer patient in their lifetime. Another says that one Canadian suffers a stroke or heart attack every seven minutes.


December 11, 2023
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